Status effects are various conditions of a player or mob, which can be helpful or damaging. The majority are produced either by various potions (including splash potions), and/or by various settings of a beacon pyramid. You are able to give yourself potion/mob effects by using the command
/effect. Others are produced by mob attacks, certain food items, or specific game situations. A few effects are present in the game code, but are currently not produced in the game (unless the "custom potion" feature or
/effect command is used).
A player or mob affected by a potion effect will be affected in various ways for an amount of time. (Currently, no potions affect any other entities or blocks.) Players can open their inventory to see any current potion effects afflicted upon them and their duration. Players can also see swirly particles emanating from their position in first person, and this effect can be seen in third person and on players/mobs too.
Any number of different potion effects can be simultaneously active on a player, even in the case of opposite potion effects such as Strength and Weakness. It is not possible to apply the same potion effect multiple times, however, even if the effects are of different levels (e.g. Strength and Strength II cannot both be active at the same time). In the event of using a potion that applies an effect already active on the player, the new version of the effect overwrites the old effect, giving a new level and full duration, if the new effect is of equal or greater level. An attempt to use a potion that applies a weaker version of an already-active effect consumes the potion but does not apply the new effect.
All of these status effects (bad or good) are removed by drinking milk.
Currently, all effects can be caused by command blocks.
Potion effects are given two parameters on creation: duration and strength. For technical data see: data values page.
|1||Speed||Expands FOV and increases walking speed by 20% per level of strength||Increases both effects, stronger levels increase FOV further and increase speed||Sprinting and flying cause the same effect but not the status effect. Sprinting, flying and the potion effect all stack together. From a powered beacon.||Sugar||
|If effect is high enough stops you from moving at all.|
|2||Slowness||Contracts FOV and decreases walking speed by 15% per level of strength||Increases both effects, reversing controls if very strong||Charging a bow, sneaking, and blocking cause the same effect but not the status effect. Charging a bow, sneaking and/or the potion effect all stack together.||Sugar with Fermented Spider Eye, or Magma Cream with Fermented Spider Eye||
|3||Haste||Arm swings faster, blocks break faster (by 20% per level)||Increases both effects, arm motion appears to stop if very strong||From a powered beacon.||Referenced by "Potion of Haste" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|if effect level is high enough, the speed is the same as breaking blocks in Creative Mode|
|4||Mining Fatigue||Arm swings slower, blocks break slower (by 20% per level). Does not affect block breaking in Creative mode||Increases both effects||None||Referenced by "Potion of Dullness" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|in 1.5.1 mining any stone type block with the effect has the same speed no matter how high the effect is|
|5||Strength||Increases damage dealt with melee attacks by 3 ()||Doubles increase in damage with every additional level||From a powered beacon.||Blaze Powder||
|If powerful enough, the strength potion prevents you from damaging any mobs|
|6||Instant Health||Heals 6 (). Undead mobs (zombie, zombie pigman, skeleton, wither) are harmed instead.||Doubles the amount healed with every additional level||None||Glistering Melon||
|Has no sprite since it causes no lasting effects. If forced to last longer than 1 tick, will heal player every tick.|
|7||Instant Damage||Causes 6 () damage. Undead mobs are healed instead.||Doubles the amount of damage with every additional level||None||Spider Eye with Fermented Spider Eye, or Glistering Melon with Fermented Spider Eye||
|Death reason is reported as "was killed by magic". Does not have a sprite because it has no lasting effects. If forced to last longer than 1 tick, will damage player every tick.|
|8||Jump Boost||Allows the player to jump higher.||Increases jump height||From a powered beacon.||Referenced by "Potion of Leaping" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|9||Nausea||Causes the view to wobble similarly to using a portal||No effect||Standing in a Nether Portal Block||Referenced by "Potion of Nausea" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|10||Regeneration||Causes health to regenerate over time (1 () every 25 ticks). Does not affect undead mobs.||Delay between healing is reduced by half (rounding down) with every additional level||Eat a Golden Apple, or from a powered beacon.||Ghast Tear||
|11||Resistance||Reduces all incoming damage by 20%||Reduces damage by 20% per level. Level 5 or higher is full immunity to all damage, including damage inflicted by the void and the /kill command. Negative levels increase damage taken.||Eat an Enchanted Golden Apple, or from a powered beacon.||Referenced by "Potion of Resistance" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|12||Fire Resistance||Makes the player immune to fire and lava.||No effect||Eat an Enchanted Golden Apple||Magma Cream||
|13||Water Breathing||Air meter does not decrease while underwater||No effect||None||Referenced by "Potion of Water Breathing" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|14||Invisibility||Mobs will not attack you unless you directly touch them. Also causes player model to disappear. If you wear any one piece of armour, mobs will be able to see you if you are at most 1 block away. For every additional piece of armour you equip, this distance will increase by 3, for a maximum view distance of 10 blocks if you are wearing a full set (compared to 15 blocks without the effect).||No apparent effect||None||Golden Carrot with Fermented Spider Eye||
|Armor does not disappear with the player model.|
|15||Blindness||Creates thick black fog around the player and prevents sprinting and critical hits||No effect||Same as closer fog at lower levels.||Referenced by "Potion of Blindness" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|Sun and Moon can be seen as normal.
Liquids do not fade into fog perfectly.
|16||Night Vision||Increases brightness and ability to see underwater as well||No effect||None||Golden Carrot||
|17||Hunger||Causes food meter to deplete (adds 0.025 food exhaustion per tick)||Increases the effect by 0.025 per level||Chance on eating Raw Chicken or Rotten Flesh.||Referenced by "Potion of Hunger" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|18||Weakness||Lowers attack power by 2 (). Zombie Villagers under this effect can be cured of zombification using a Golden Apple. Cave spiders will not poison their targets while weakened.||Doubles decrease in damage with every additional level||None||Fermented Spider Eye, or Blaze Powder with Fermented Spider Eye,
or Ghast Tear with Fermented Spider Eye
|19||Poison||Does damage over time (1 () every 25 ticks), but will not reduce health below 1 (). Turns the health bar green while in effect. Does not affect undead mobs.||Delay between damage is reduced by half (rounding down) with every additional level||Given by a Cave Spider's attack, eating a Spider Eye, chance on eating a Poisonous Potato.||Spider Eye||
|20||Wither||Turns your hearts black and does damage over time (1 () every 40 ticks). Unlike poison, this will kill players and other entities.||Delay between damage is reduced by half (rounding down) with every additional level||Being attacked by a Wither or Wither Skeleton||Referenced by "Potion of Decay" by game, but potion not currently present unless using the custom potion feature||-||
|1.8||Potion effects were introduced. No potions were added yet, so the only things that caused them were Golden Apples, Raw Chicken, Rotten Flesh and Cave Spiders.|
|1.9pre2||Actual potions were added and some effects got an alchemical ingredient that correspond to them and Milk was given the ability to cure and clear all potion effects. Ghast Tears were ingredients in Potions of Healing.|
|1.9pre4||Ghast Tears' role was changed to making Potions of Regeneration, and Glistering Melon was introduced for Potions of Healing.|
|1.3.1||12w21a||An enchanted Golden Apple made from Blocks of Gold was added, and induced, among others, the formerly unused Resistance potion effect.|
|12w26a||Monster Spawners could be customized using third-party world editors and set to spawn mobs with potion effects.|
|1.4.2||12w32a||Night Vision now functions, and a Potion and Splash Potion of Night Vision was implemented and added to Creative Mode, however there was no brewing recipe yet.|
|Beacons were also added (to Creative only) and could be used to give potion effects to players around it, and several potion effects without a potion could be induced.|
|Villager Zombies under the effects of a Potion of Weakness can be given a Golden Apple to cure it.|
|12w34a||Invisibility now functions, and turns mobs invisible. Players under its effect cannot be detected by other players. A Potion and Splash Potion of Invisibility was implemented and added to Creative Mode. The Golden Carrot was added as the ingredient for the Potion of Night Vision which, when inverted, creates a Potion of Invisibility.|
|The "Wither" potion effect was added, and it is inflicted by a Wither's Wither Skulls.|
|12w36a||Added Wither II effect.|
|12w39a||Using external programs, Potions can be changed to give different or multiple effects for any length.|
|1.5||13w09b||Using /effect you can now apply potion affects to players, Albeit with a level limit of 4|
|13w09c||/effect no longer has a level limit, allowing thus overpowered effects.|
Ingredients are added to Awkward Potions, with the exception of the Fermented Spider Eye which can also be added to all the other 'No Effect' potions (Water bottle, Mundane potion, Thick potion, Awkward Potion.)
After drinking a bucket of milk while under the Nausea effect, the screen will flash purple for a tick as if you were standing in a Nether Portal.
When you combine a high poison level and a high regeneration level, the game will make the hurting sounds so fast that you cannot hear each of the hurting sounds.
- Water will appear to be in front of potion particles when the player has a status effect.
 See also
- Minecraft Forum: All About Potions And Brewing - 1.9 Reference Guide
- Minecraft Potions - A Visual Guide